Tuesday, November 30, 2010

'The future of education is already here'

"What if all the desperate problems in American education had already been solved?" Lisa Graham Keegan asks.
Let’s imagine that there were a burgeoning, truly bipartisan movement of parents, teachers, school leaders, political leaders, and regular, run-of-the-mill citizens who have had it with American failure in education and want the nation to know there is a whole sector of success out there, getting the job done for kids, and it’s tired of being treated as though it doesn’t exist.

Imagine no more … welcome to the Education Breakthrough, and the reality of emerging school choice in America.

The next few years may well be the most exciting time in the history of American education, because emerging in the shadows of its moribund and desperately underperforming big sister comes a baby the nation can be proud of.

This is the world of school choice, where parents choose schools that work for their own children and take an active role in their children’s education. These are the nation’s private schools, public charter schools, home schools, online schools, special-needs schools -- these are schools that are tailored for the students they serve. This is the fastest growing, most efficient and undeniably the most effective sector of American education. This is a sector where being the best truly matters.

Read the whole thing.

And I mean really hard

Broken Arrow school superintendent Jarod Mendenhall is quoted today as saying, “I want to make it really hard to ever want to leave Broken Arrow.”
"All I wanted was my special-needs scholarship."

Monday, November 29, 2010

Oklahoma gets a 'C'

... for its charter-school legislation.

Heritage Foundation praises Texas

... for refusing to sign on to national standards.

Anderson to speak at national conference

"State Sen. Patrick Anderson has been invited to speak to a national conference sponsored by Foundation for Excellence in Education," the Enid News and Eagle reports. "Anderson, R-Enid, will speak Wednesday about the Lindsey Nicole Henry Scholarship, which ensures greater opportunities for special-needs students." Sen. Anderson says,
"I'm honored to be asked to be there because other folks there are true leaders in education reform across the country. The fact that this legislation is in the national spotlight shows we’re on to something. The bottom line is ensuring special needs students can take advantage of programs that best suit their specific needs, whether they are in a public or private school setting."

Saturday, November 27, 2010

'The ones who drag you into court'

When I think of the Tulsa-area bureaucrats and their lawyers who are getting rich off the taxpayers while oppressing single moms, I can't help but think of this question: "Are not the rich the ones who oppress you, and the ones who drag you into court?"

Friday, November 26, 2010

Special Ed innovation

Innovation is happening all over the country in Special Ed, and not a moment too soon "for parents who feel their children have slipped through the cracks of a costly and contentious special-education system that critics say is broken and in need of major reform," Shannon Mullen reports in the Asbury Park Press ('In special-education system, innovation leading the way / Vouchers, training gain states' favor').

Wednesday, November 24, 2010

Legislators to study bullying

State Rep. Anastasia Pittman (D-Oklahoma City) will be conducting a legislative task force next week focused on bullying in public schools.

Fallin picks reform-minded education secretary

Governor-elect Mary Fallin has selected Dr. Phyllis Hudecki to serve as secretary of education. Hudecki is the executive director of the Oklahoma Business and Education Coalition (OBEC).

Earlier this year OBEC teamed up with OCPA and the Foundation for Educational Choice to release Reforms with Results: What Oklahoma Can Learn from Florida’s K-12 Education Revolution.

Tuesday, November 23, 2010

Anderson to speak at national summit

A new Oklahoma law is getting national attention.

How unpopular are teachers unions in Oklahoma?

I'm thinking someone could have put that four million bucks to better use.

When Oklahoma's most powerful labor union replenishes its coffers, it might want to consider some sort of feel-good PR blitz. Because SoonerPoll recently asked Oklahomans, "Which view comes closer to your own: 'Teachers unions help make schools better' or 'Teachers unions are an obstacle that keeps schools from getting better'"? Results:

● Teachers unions help make schools better ... 25%
● Teachers unions are an obstacle that keeps schools from getting better ... 55%
● Neutral / No opinion ... 20%

The survey of 518 likely Oklahoma voters was conducted November 5-11 using live telephone interviewers. The margin of error is ± 4.3%.

Only 14% of Oklahoma Republicans say teachers unions help make schools better, while 69% say they keep schools from getting better. Even among Democrats, only 33% say teachers unions help make schools better, while 45% say they keep schools from getting better. The unions are even under water among the somewhat liberal (31% to 50%), the very liberal (36% to 46%), and those who never attend religious services (24% to 58%). Good grief, people, when you've lost the liberal pagans ...

In sum, the teachers unions are more often viewed as part of the problem than part of the solution -- but only among men and women, young and old, rich and poor, married and single, highly educated and barely educated, religious and irreligious. And also among Republicans, Democrats, Independents, conservatives, liberals, and moderates. Oh, and also among those living in Tulsa, those living in Oklahoma City, and those living in the rest of the state.

Monday, November 22, 2010

Parents mad as hell, not going to take it anymore

Even the lefty activist Father Michael Pfleger says it's time for school choice.

What's the best way to improve Oklahoma's public schools?

That's a question I posed to some new state legislators at a recent orientation session at OCPA. A longer school year, perhaps? Merit pay? Accountability testing? Tenure reform?

No, believe it or not, the correct answer is: school choice. Yes, school choice is the best way to improve public schools. As Dr. Greg Forster recently pointed out,
There is one -- and as far as I know, it’s the only one -- education reform that is consistently proven to improve public schools. More evidence gets piled up every year, and it all points in one direction. ...

The impact of school choice programs on public schools has been studied 19 times, by researchers at top institutions (Harvard, Princeton, Stanford, Cornell, the Federal Reserve, etc.) using high-quality empirical methods. ... School choice is the best-studied approach to improving public schools. What does it find? Would you believe that 18 of the 19 studies found that school choice improves public schools, and the one remaining study found no difference?

Indeed, it looks like we're going to have to update that to 19 of 20, because just last week a new study came across my desk which found that

the increased competitive pressure public schools faced following the introduction of Florida’s Tax Credit Scholarship Program led to general improvements in their performance. The gains occur immediately, before any students leave the public schools with a scholarship, implying that the mere threat of competition is responsible for at least some of the estimated effects.

Last year state Sen. Dan Newberry (R-Tulsa) sponsored legislation similar to that in Florida. Sen. Newberry's bill deserves careful consideration in 2011, because it's likely it would help to improve public schools.

The pivot to digital learning is on

"The education sector has not historically been very dynamic," Tom Vander Ark writes, "but this year things changed. Despite the recession, we have seen more start-ups and more cool applications than ever before. More investors have joined the space, and the big guys remain acquisitive. The pivot from print to digital learning, classes to students, seat time to competence is on. Here is how it will play out ..."

Saturday, November 20, 2010

CapitolBeatOK editor talks education reform

CapitolBeatOK editor Patrick McGuigan reports on Waiting for "Superman" and educational reform, and discusses these topics and more with News9's Alex Cameron.

Rethinking 'public education'

Last month at the Oklahoma City Museum of Art, the Inasmuch Foundation hosted a screening of The Lottery. After the film, I had the opportunity to be on a panel with Janet Barresi, Bill Price, and state Rep. Jabar Shumate. I pointed out that movies like this are causing people to rethink what is meant by "public education." Properly understood, "public education" is about producing an "educated public" -- whether that education takes place in traditional public schools, private schools, charter schools, home schools, or wherever.

Comes now a fascinating story in this weekend's Wall Street Journal. "The school board in a wealthy suburban county south of Denver is considering letting parents use public funds to send their children to private schools -- or take classes with private teachers -- in a bid to rethink public education," Stephanie Simon reports. "'These days, you can build a custom computer. You can get a custom latte at Starbucks,' said board member Meghann Silverthorn. 'Parents expect the same out of their educational system.'"

Are you listening, Edmond? Jenks?

There's no 'Superman' to save us

We can't afford to wait for Superman, State Chamber president Fred Morgan writes today in The Oklahoman.
The U.S. Chamber and The State Chamber have been working to shake up K-12 education so that every child is prepared for higher education or productive careers. We continue to advocate for common-sense reforms including greater accountability and innovation in schools, recognizing and rewarding effective teachers and principals who improve student achievement, and expanding educational options for all students. Our state's economic future depends on it.

Dick Morris: School choice can help plug budget holes

When I met author (and former Bill Clinton advisor) Dick Morris last month, he asked me, "Are you the reason God made Oklahoma?" So he had me from hello. But now I'm really starting to like the guy, because he says here that he believes school choice will become the dominant theme in education policy over the next 24 months. And he points out, as I have pointed out repeatedly, that school choice can save legislators money.

Superintendents in the chips

Here's a useful graphic (click to enlarge) from our friends at American Majority. To see what your local school officials earn, check with the Tulsa World or with the Oklahoma State Department of Education.

I realize one gets a pay bump for holding a doctoral degree. I just hope none of these doctorates are in Multicultural Holistic Constructivist Bulletin-Board Arrangement.

Friday, November 19, 2010

You're doin' fine, Oklahoma

Every bit as good as Bulgaria or Serbia!

Why is Bill Gates writing code for a pile of junk?

"Bill established himself early on as a pretty sharp computer programmer, and no doubt he still is," writes Andrew J. Coulson, a former Microsoft software engineer. "But there’s only so much you can do when the hardware you’re writing for is a pile of junk."

More good news for school-choice fans

Jim Williamson
Oklahoma's school-choice proponents, who already have reason for optimism, got more good news yesterday when Senate leader Brian Bingman announced that former state Sen. Jim Williamson will be joining his leadership staff as senior policy advisor and legal counsel. Among other things, Williamson is a knowledgeable and passionate supporter of school choice.

Schools in the slums

Marvin Olasky's latest column is excellent.

Ten years ago James Tooley, a professor of education with a doctorate and a World Bank grant to study private schools in a dozen developing countries, took the standard path toward helping the poor: He flew first class and stayed at 5-star hotels.

But something happened in India as he visited private schools and colleges that cater to the privileged. At night, lying on 500-thread-count Egyptian-cotton sheets, he meditated about the "con" that he was now part of: Wealthy Indians enjoy foreign aid because they live in a poor country, the poor fall further behind, and the researchers live richly.

Then Tooley broke the rules. With guilt feelings and some spare time, he actually went into the slums instead of riding past them with his driver. He was surprised to see little handwritten signs announcing the existence of private schools: He thought private schools are for the rich. Guided through alleys and up narrow, dark, dirty staircases, he entered classrooms and found dedicated teachers and students.

Tooley found schools that survive not with government money or international bequests, but through $2-per-month fees paid by rickshaw pullers who scrimp and save to give their children a chance not to pull rickshaws. He went on to visit 50 Indian private schools in poor areas over the next 10 days. Did some foundation make them possible? No, these were for-profit schools created by poor but persevering entrepreneurs. 

Read the whole thing.

Focus on results, not inputs

James S. Coleman’s Equality of Educational Opportunity, a massive study released four decades ago, has been "exhaustively analyzed and reanalyzed," Chester Finn writes.
But this key finding has never been successfully challenged: School inputs — money, teachers, teacher credentials, etc. — have little correlation with pupil achievement and differences in achievement cannot be significantly accounted for by differences in school resources.

Thursday, November 18, 2010

More of the same from NAEP

"High school graduates are no better prepared today than they were in previous generations," Andrew J. Coulson writes, "despite the fact that we’re spending 3 times as much on their K-12 educations."
Perhaps government is not the best source of progress and innovation after all? Perhaps if we want to see progress and innovation in education we should allow it to participate in the free enterprise system that has been responsible for staggering productivity growth in every field not dominated by a government monopoly?

Wednesday, November 17, 2010

SoonerPoll: Districts should obey special-needs law

By a margin of better than 2 to 1, Oklahomans believe local school districts should enforce a state law granting scholarships to special-needs children.

Tuesday, November 16, 2010

Mom fights for special-needs daughter

A new Oklahoma law -- passed this year by a Republican legislature and signed by a Democratic governor -- provides scholarships for special-needs students. Incredibly, some local school districts have decided not to comply with the law. Enjoy:

Lawless bureaucrat snubs autistic boy

Owasso school superintendent Clark Ogilvie is a big believer in collecting 13 grand a month from taxpayers. He isn't a big believer in obeying state laws or talking to Channel 8.

If I didn't know better, I'd be tempted to say the bureaucrats just don't get it.

Sunday, November 14, 2010

Oklahoman highlights OCPA's pension fix

The lead editorial in today's Oklahoman highlights OCPA's plan to defuse Oklahoma's pension bomb.
Steve Anderson, a research fellow at the Oklahoma Council of Public Affairs, a conservative think tank, has some suggestions. A longtime certified public accountant and former budget analyst in the Office of State Finance, Anderson outlines his plan in the most recent issue of OCPA's Perspective magazine.

If implemented, he said, the plan would in time pay off the debt without needing an infusion of new money and make millions of dollars available immediately for state services.

The most important component is to have all new teachers, support personnel and government employees begin their jobs in a defined-contribution plan instead of the defined-benefit plan now used by OTRS and OPERS. “Without taking this essential step, nothing else will correct the funding issue,” Anderson said.

These accounts would be owned by the employee from the start, unlike the defined-benefit plans that require several years of service before retirement benefits are obtained. This would allow employees more portability and easier access to their funds. In addition, the plan would make matching payments by the employee voluntary instead of mandatory, and cap the state's contribution at 9 percent. Workers could contribute additional amounts.

There are a number of other pieces to Anderson's proposal. This may not be the answer, but it provides starting point for policymakers. And start they must.

“Do we want to leave our grandchildren a fiscally solvent state with no pension debt and a low tax rate?” Anderson asks. “Or do we choose to ignore all the warning signals and leave our problems (and higher taxes) to the coming generations?”

Saturday, November 13, 2010

The jaw-dropping crisis facing black males in OKC schools

Over at HuffPo, John Thompson writes about "a major metropolitan area where as few as 80 black males may graduate next year from the urban district's seven neighborhood schools!" He's talking about, um, Oklahoma City.
If such a statistic drops your jaw, please view this map of racial segregation in Oklahoma City. Our metropolitan area has more than 130,000 black residents, with the largest concentration of blacks living east of the railroad tracks. Most blacks live in that highly segregated area, and most of them are served by neighborhood schools in the Oklahoma City Public School System. A tough new graduation law takes effect next year, and the best estimate is that these seven schools have around 179 blacks on track to graduate. It appears that males will graduate at about 80 percent of the rate of females.

Friday, November 12, 2010

Christian schools 'doing something right'

Great letter to the editor today in The Oklahoman from Robert Bostick of Altus:
I heard Janet Barresi speak regarding our educational system when she was in southwest Oklahoma early this summer visiting a Republican women's group. In all my years of hearing candidates I thought, "Here is someone who makes sense." I wish her luck.

As far as reforming the educational system, I do not think money is the issue. All the Christian-based schools that spend about half of what the state spends, and yet turn out top-drawer students, must be doing something right. Even homeschoolers do better. How about a study to see how they do it and make that the school "business" model? The solution is parental involvement, teachers who know how to teach, and directing students into a curriculum in which they will be suited to succeed -- not a cookie-cutter approach.

Thursday, November 11, 2010

The world is changing, my friends

Two posts on digital learning caught my eye yesterday. "Even a monopoly like the public education system is vulnerable to disruptive forces," Heather Clayton Staker observes.
The U.S. postal system did not expect email to disrupt its business as radically as it has. Similarly, I am optimistic that new technologies will take hold among nonconsumers, and eventually even the mainstream will be hard pressed to ignore their success. I will not be surprised if online learning becomes so good and so inexpensive that community leaders will rent lovely spaces, hire caring adults, organize some athletics, and snap the online curriculum into these brick and mortar environments, allowing for the flooding of the landscape with revolutionarily affordable private schools.

Yes, the gloomy statistics about school failure abound and a perma-state of crisis seems unending. But amidst it all, disruptive technologies are starting to burst forth across the system with a momentum that might be unstoppable.

Similarly, Paul E. Peterson writes ('Let’s Teach Math to the Talented Online'):

Let’s create outstanding courses online, led by the country’s best algebra, geometry, trigonometry, and calculus teachers, and backed up by sophisticated ancillary material. Schools could then access these materials and redeploy their (less qualified) teachers as classroom coaches that support the online instruction. Each student can learn at the level and pace appropriate to their situation.

Trying to improve the desperate situation school by school by encouraging talented mathematicians to go into the teaching profession will take too long and cost too much.

Bill Gates said the best college courses will be offered online within 5 years. If that is so, then there is no reason the best middle school and high school math courses cannot also be offered online. I hope Joel Klein -- or one of his competitors -- finds a way to get this done.

It's time for transparency in education spending

Last year at a House interim study analyzing the potential effects of State Question 744, OEA official Joel Robison testified that Oklahoma’s per-pupil cost is $7,615. (I later testified that, if one uses principles laid down by the Governmental Accounting Standards Board, the real cost is more than $10,000.)

Now, in using the $7,615 figure Mr. Robison was not being dishonest. He was simply using, as he indicated, the official data from the NCES, the National Center for Education Statistics. The problem is that the "official" data badly understate the true cost of education in Oklahoma, as OCPA never tires of repeating.

How so? Well, it’s really quite simple. When computing expenditures, the government’s school accounting systems simply exclude many significant costs. To give just two examples, they exclude education spending that comes via “dedicated, directed revenues” (which are funneled directly to education without going through the appropriations process), and they exclude retirement benefits as a cost in the year incurred.

Thought experiment: Let us say OEA's top officials decided to get together and open a restaurant. Obviously, as a small business they would have to keep the books and include all their costs. They couldn’t simply leave stuff out.

Or, say they were to get together and open their own private school. Again, they would have to prepare a financial statement and include all their costs. They couldn’t simply leave stuff out.

There’s no reason public education should be any different.

During the interim study, a couple of legislators pressed the matter. One state representative asked Mr. Robison, wouldn’t Oklahoma’s per-pupil cost be higher if we included things like pension costs? Mr. Robison's answer was: All 50 states use the NCES data. Oklahoma uses the NCES data. That way everything is apples to apples. If all 50 states were to include pension costs and other costs that aren’t currently being counted, Mr. Robison said, "I would suspect we would still be last in the region."

Now, I don’t know if we would still be last in the region, but for now what’s important to note is what Mr. Robison did not say. He did not say: “Well, no, you can’t include pension costs and other costs because those aren’t really costs.” He didn’t say that; that would have been silly.

He did not say: “You can’t include other costs because the Governmental Accounting Standards Board doesn’t really know anything about governmental accounting.” He didn’t say that; that would have been silly.

No, he simply said: If all the states included those costs, I suspect Oklahoma would still be last in the region.

First in the region, last in the region, what difference does it make? The fact is, Oklahoma is spending more than $10,000 per pupil. Real costs. Demonstrable costs.

It's time for transparency. Here is a step-by-step guide for policymakers.

Whoa! Canada

Where in North America can you find the most school choice? According to a new Heritage Foundation paper ('School Choice in Canada: Lessons for America'),
In Canada, the province of Alberta has long encouraged school choice. Historically, Alberta has had two school systems between which parents may choose: the "public" system and a "separate" system. Other Alberta choices include charter, private, and French-language schools. Homeschooling is encouraged and supported by the provincial government, and "blended" programs are available where children can take some courses at home and others at school. This large variety of educational choice has led to positive results. International test results have placed Alberta students among the world’s top performers, including immigrant children who fare equal to or better than non-immigrant children. In Alberta, parents expect -- and have -- a wide variety of educational options for how to educate their children, a policy outcome that American states should emulate.

Wednesday, November 10, 2010

Looking ahead

After last week's election, the future looks bright for education reform in Oklahoma. This morning on KTOK, Reid Mullins and I discussed the possibilities.

Governor calls local educrat 'poster boy for greed and arrogance'

Gov. Chris Christie (R-NJ) is none too happy with the "new poster boy for greed and arrogance," a local school superintendent in New Jersey making $212,000 a year.

Whew. Good thing we don't have any overpaid superintendents like that in Oklahoma.

OSU prof: Bullying is 'leading to suicide more and more often'

"Bullying was a hot topic at the Stillwater Board of Education meeting Tuesday night, as the father of a recent suicide victim gave his testimony to a room packed with quietly concerned parents," Jordon Shinn reports
today in The Daily O'Collegian.
Early in the meeting, Patricia Hughes, assistant professor for the School of Applied Health and Educational Psychology at OSU, gave a presentation on bullying in Oklahoma schools.

"It's leading to suicide more and more often, more and more young," said Hughes. "We're seeing an escalation in the incidents, in the violence. Here, we're seeing suicides happening very, very, very close to us."

Hughes participated in the Oklahoma Anti-Bullying Survey of 2005. The largest study of its kind done in the United States, it surveyed more than 10,000 third-, fifth- and seventh-graders from 85 school districts in Oklahoma, according to www.ok.gov/health.

"What we found out is that one out of five kids in Oklahoma schools is worried about bullying," Hughes said. The survey questioned students about three areas of bullying: physical, social, and sexual.

Que los padres elijan

[This article by Brandon Dutcher, "Let the parents choose," appears in the November issue of Nuestra Comunidad.]

Cada año, los Estadounidenses celebran el "Mes Nacional de la Hispanidad," que se lleva a cabo entre 15 de septiembre al 15 de octubre. El lema de este año es "Patrimonio, Diversidad, Integridad y Honor: La Esperanza renovada de América." Ahora es una buena oportunidad para hablar sobre la diversidad en la educación.

Hace dos años, el periódico, The Oklahoman reportó que el acoso escolar o "bullying" como se le llama en inglés, es un problema en algunas escuelas locales. "Muchos estudiantes hispanos son víctimas de este acoso escolar en el estado de Oklahoma," (artículo publicado el 22 de abril de 2008).

Un caso fue el de la estudiante Mayra Sigala de la preparatoria Edmond Memorial quien relató su experiencia acerca de los insultos racistas que los estudiantes reciben en los pasillos de esta escuela. Ella expresó que: "Tratamos de ignorar lo mas que se puede, pero cada día se pone peor y peor el acoso."

Esta jovencita agregó diciendo: "El primer incidente ocurrió a principios de noviembre, una semana después de la aprobación de la ley estricta de emigración HB 1804. Un compañero de estudios, jugador de fútbol Americano, me insultó en el pasillo. Él me llamaba por diferentes nombres y me dijo que me regresara a México. Traté de decirle que yo nací aquí, pero él no me creyó. Otros estudiantes se rieron, como que todos estaban de acuerdo con él para burlarse de mi."

El acoso escolar no es el único problema en las escuelas. Los padres también tienen que preocuparse acerca del problema de las drogas, la violencia, y de los profesores ineficientes. Los datos federales nos dicen que la mitad de los Hispanos del cuarto grado de Oklahoma no se les ha enseñado a leer a un nivel básico y que no pueden comprender un simple párrafo de un cuento infantil.

¿Por qué se tiene que quedar atrapado un estudiante en una escuela insegura o ineficaz? ¿No deberían los padres tener la posibilidad de elegir las escuelas más seguras y mejores para sus hijos, ya sea que las escuelas sean públicas o privadas? Sí, los padres deberían de hacer algo al respecto. "Los padres tienen un derecho fundamental", dice el profesor de educación de la Universidad de Boston Charles L. Glenn, "para elegir la educación que formara el entendimiento del mundo para sus hijos."

Los padres y los niños deberían tener la libertad y la oportunidad de elegir las escuelas que más prestigio tengan como por ejemplo “La Santa Fe South”, o escuelas especiales que se centran en las artes o escuelas que se especializan en la ciencia y la ingeniería, o la que ellos prefieren.

Deben tener la libertad para elegir las escuelas cristianas evangélicas que enseñan a los niños a amar al Señor su Dios con toda su mente. O las escuelas católicas, como el Sagrado Corazón en el sur de la ciudad de Oklahoma, que proporcionan un entorno seguro y educativo. Un joven hispano al que se excluye su nombre expresó: "Mis padres nos trasladaron a la escuela del “Sagrado Corazón," porque ellos nos querían alejar del problema de las drogas y pandillas que existen en las escuela públicas. Mis padres siempre han deseado lo mejor para nosotros y que en la escuela nos enseñen religión y fortalezcamos nuestro amor a Cristo, por eso estamos asistiendo a una escuela católica."

Las escuelas privadas de Oklahoma "ayudan cumplir con la definición del ideal del pluralismo en la educación estadounidense," dice el Council for American Private Education. "Las escuelas privadas sirven a poblaciones diversas, y son multi-étnica y pluri-cultural." Por supuesto, muchos Oklahomenses ya son capaces de elegir la escuela que desean. Ellos simplemente pagan la matrícula para asistir a una escuela privada, o se mudan a un barrio diferente, con mejores escuelas públicas. Pero no todos tienen el lujo de pagar la matrícula o trasladarse a un mejor barrio. Así que están atrapados.

En este momento, en Oklahoma, sólo los estudiantes de educación especial, aquellos para quienes un programa de educación individualizada (IEP) se ha desarrollado, son elegibles para recibir una beca para asistir a una escuela privada. Pero cada estudiante merece esa opción.

Para aprender más sobre la elección de escuela, escriba a Martín Ramírez, Oklahoma Council of Public Affairs, 1401 N. Lincoln Blvd., Oklahoma City, OK 73104 y les enviaremos una copia gratuita del libro bilingüe Pongamos A Los Padres Nuevamente A Cargo.